Musali Asparagus adscendens is a medicinal plant. It is known by different names in Ayurveda, such as – Talamuli, Musali, Chamara Musali etc. Musali Asparagus adscendens is known for its aphrodisiac property which enhances sexual power. The Ayurvedic classics mention two varieties of Musali viz. Shweta (white) and Krishna (black). The word Musali alone denotes the white variety, which is commonly used. The white variety is commonly known as Safed Musali and the black variety as Kali Musali. Though the black varieties are supposed to the superior in properties, both the varieties have, more or less, similar properties and uses. In this article both are described together.
- In the Vedas, the descriptions regarding the plant Musali Asparagus adscendens is not available.
- Description of Musali Asparagus adscendens is not available in Charaka Samhita and Ashtanga Hridayam.
- In Sushruta Samhita, Musali Asparagus adscendens is mentioned in Chikitsa sthana 7th chapter and Uttara Sthana 51st chapter. Sushruta has mentioned the therapeutic efficiency of Musali.
- Raja Nighantu, Bhavaprakash Nighantu, Priya Nighantu and Kaiyadev Nighantu has given synonyms, guna (properties) and karma (actions) of Musali Asparagus adscendens.
- In Danwantari Nighantu the plant Musali is not mentioned.
Types & Varieties
Musali is classified into two types:
- Kali Musali – Curculigo Orchioides Gaerttu (Amaryllidaceae)
- Safed Musali – Asparagus Adscendens Roxb (Liliaceae)
Also, following varieties of Safed Musali is found –
- Chlorophytum Laxum Br.
- Chlorophytum Tuberosum Baker
- Ampelocissus Araneosa Planch (Vitaceae)
Tala muli is a Sanskrit synonym of Kali Musali.
In Ayurveda, many synonyms of Musali Asparagus adscendens plant has been described in Sanskrit. Few of them are listed below –
In Ayurvedic classics, plants have been categorised under Varga and Gana. Like wise Musali Asparagus adscendens comes under –
According to Priya Nighantu – Saradi varga
According to Prof P.V. Sharma – Vrushyadi varga, Sukrajanana gana
Musali Asparagus adscendens is known by different names in different languages. Have a look below –
- Sanskrit – Musali
- English – Musali
- Hindi – Musali, Hazar Muli, Shatavari, Shatmuli
- Marathi – Safed Musali
- Gujarati – Dholi Musali, Ujali Musali
- Malayalam – Tannir Vettang, Shedeveli
- Punjabi – Syahoo Musali
- Bengali – Dholi Musali, Talamuli
- Kannada – Bili Musali
- Tamil – Nilapana, Nilappanaikkilanku
- Oriya – Talamuli, Talamulika
- Kingdom – Plantae
- Subkingdom – Phenerogamae
- Division – Angiospermae
- Class – Monocotyledons
- Subclass – Liliforae
- Nature order/ Family – Liliaceae
- Genus – Asparagus
- Species – Adscendens
The useful part of Musali Asparagus adscendens for medicinal purpose Mula (roots).
Churnas (root powder) – 3 – 6 gm
In Ayurveda, properties of every plants / drug are described by Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipaka and doshaghnata. Have a look below to know about Ayurvedic properties of Musali Asparagus adscendens –
- Rasa – Madura
- Guna – Guru, Snigdha
- Veerya – Sheeta
- Vipaka – Madhura
- Doshaghnata – Vata Pitta Shamaka, Kapha Vardhaka
Indications of Musali Asparagus adscendens
Musali Asparagus adscendens is indicated in following diseases –
- Arsha (piles), Dourbalya (debility or weakness), Asthi Bhanga (bone fracture), Kamala (jaundice), Shula (Abdominal colic and pain), Mutrakrichchha (dysuria), Pravahika (diarrhoea) Atisara (dysentery) etc.
- Musali prepared as a paste with goats milk or honey and applied locally increases complexion of face or skin.
- 1 Tola (12 gm) Musali Churna mixed with equal quantity of sugar if taken with milk helps to cure the Napusmakata (impotency), Pradara (menstrual disorders), Svapnasrava (nocturnal emission/ nightfall), Atisara (dysentery), Pravahika (diarrhoea) etc.
- Badhiryam (Deafness) – Churna of Musali and bakuchi to be taken with Ghee or honey.
- For Mukhakanti (face glow), as a cosmetic to brighten the complexion of the face, Musali prepared as a paste with goats milk or honey and applied locally over the face.
- Vrushyam (aphrodisiac) – Musali powder to be taken with Ghee followed by milk.
- Aphrodisiac – Powder of Musali root, Guduchi satva, Kapikachchhu, Gokshura, Shalmali and Amalaki are milxed together in the proper ratio. It is mixed with milk added with Ghee and taken orally. This formula helps to arouse sexual urge.
- Tubers boiled in milk and sugar are used in Spermatorrhoea, Chronic Leucorrhea, also in Diarrhoea, Dysentery and general debility.
Many Ayurvedic medicines are prepared from Musali Asparagus adscendens. A few are listed below –
- Musali Paka
Photographs of Musali
(Click on image to zoom)
image – Ravi Vaidyanathan
image by Dinesh Valke
image by Dinesh Valke
image by Dinesh Valke
image by Shubhada Nikharge
image source – merinews.com
image source – slideshare.net