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तमक श्वास (asthma/ दमा रोग) – कारण, लक्षण एवं चिकित्सा

Asthma क्या है?

अस्थमा श्वसन तंत्र (respiratory system) का रोग है जो वायुमार्गों के संकुचित होने के परिणामस्वरूप होता है। ठंडी हवा, प्रदूषित हवा, भावनात्मक तनाव, अत्यधिक व्यायाम, अनुवांशिक  आदि कारणों के प्रतिक्रिया स्वरुप जब हमारे श्वसन तंत्र के वायुमार्ग संकीर्ण हो जाते हैं तो छाती की जकड़न, सीटी की आवाज जैसी सांस चलना, खाँसी और पूरी सांस ना आना आदि लक्षण दिखने लगते हैं। इस लेख में अस्थमा की चिकित्सा का संक्षिप्त वर्णन है (Asthma Ayurvedic View)

Asthma के बारे में आयुर्वेद क्या कहता है? (Asthma Ayurvedic View)

आयुर्वेद में श्वास रोगों के बारे में विस्तृत वर्णन प्राप्त है, जिसके अंतर्गत तमक श्वास रोग के लक्षण asthma के सादृश्य है।

श्वास रोग के कारण एवं संप्राप्ति

धूल,  धुआं, तेज धूप, ठंडी हवा, फेफड़ों या सीने में अभिघात (चोट लगना), ठंडा पानी पीना, संक्रमण, अनुवांशिक इत्यादि। इन कारणों की वजह से कफ दोष श्वासनलिकाओं, जो कि प्राणवायु का मार्ग है, को अवरुद्ध कर देता है। जिसके परिणामस्वरूप वात दोष कुपित होकर प्राणवह, उदकवह तथा अन्नवह श्रोतसों को दूषित कर श्वास रोगों को जन्म देता है।

तमकश्वास रोग के लक्षण

  • शिर, गर्दन, सीने में जकड़न एवं दर्द युक्त खांसी
  • गले में घुरघुराहट, अरुचि, पीनस, तृष्णा
  • कष्टदायक तीव्र वेगयुक्त सांस चलना, आँखों के आगे अँधेरा छाना
  • लेटने पर सांस लेने में तकलीफ एवं बैठकर सांस लेने में सहजता महसूस करना

तमक श्वास चिकित्सा

यह प्रायः याप्य होता है, परन्तु बलवान रोगी का नया तमक श्वासरोग साध्य है।

तमक श्वास में सामान्य औषधीय व्यवस्था पत्र

  1. नायोपायम क्वाथ 10 ml + दशमूलकटुत्रयम क्वाथ 10 ml + 60 ml सुखोष्ण जल, प्रातः सायं नाश्ते एवं भोजन से 1 घंटे पहले
  2. Shwasan Capsules, Septivite Capsules, Ayurvite Rudanti Capsules, तीनो से 1-1 कैप्सूल प्रातः सायं भोजनोपरांत
  3. च्यवनप्राश अवलेह 10 gm (1 चम्मच) प्रातः नाश्ते से 1 घंटे पहले। (c.i. Diabetes)
  4. अगस्त्य हरीतकी/ दशमूल हरीतकी 10 gm (1 चम्मच) रात में सोते समय सुखोष्ण जल से। (c.i. diabetes)

रोग एवं रोगी के बलाबल एवं अवस्थानुसार अन्य औषध निर्देश

  • लक्ष्मीविलास रस
  • श्वास कुठार रस
  • अगस्त्य हरीतकी लेह्य
  • दशमूल हरीतकी लेह्य
  • सितोपलादि चूर्ण- कफ की अधिकता में
  • श्वासकास चिंतामणि रस (स्वर्णयुक्त)- रोग की तीव्रता में, दौरा दूर होने के बाद पित्त की प्रधानता पर, अजीर्णजनित तमक श्वास में, हृदयरोग के साथ होने पर, वृद्धावस्था में, तम्बाखू व्यसनी में, श्वास कृच्छ्ता में, वंशानुगत में, दुर्बलता में।
  • चतुर्भुज रस- श्वास कृच्छ्ता में।
  • श्रृंगाराभ्र रस- कफाधिक्य में, अधिक बलगम आने पर।
  • स्वर्णबसंत मालती रस- श्वसनतंत्र सम्बन्धी सभी रोगों में विशेषतः वातपित्तज भेद में, वृद्धावस्था में, वंशानुगत में, दुर्बलता में।
  • कफकेतु रस- कफाधिक्य होने पर।
  • कनकासव- पित्त प्रधानता एवं पित्तज प्रकृति वालों को न दें।
  • चन्द्रामृत रस- सूखी खांसी या खांसी के साथ खून आने पर।
  • वासावलेह- केवल कफज अवस्था या रक्त आने पर प्रयोग करें, सूखी खांसी में न दें। वातानुबंध अवस्था एवं वृद्ध रोगी में इसका प्रयोग सतर्कता से करें अन्यथा खांसी बढ़ सकती है।
  • तालीसादि चूर्ण- शुष्ककास युक्त श्वास रोग
  • रसमाणिक्य- संक्रमण एवं शोथ में, राजयक्ष्मा के साथ।
  • रसकर्पूर- तीव्र वेग में।

रसौषधियों एवं स्वर्ण रजत मुक्त युक्त बहुमूल्य औषधियों का अन्नावश्यक प्रयोग न करें। यह अवधारणा निकाल दें कि सिर्फ स्वर्णघटित योग या रसयोग ही रोगमुक्ति का उपाय है। रोग की तीव्रता, तत्काल लाभ या अन्य औषध प्रयोग के विफल होने पर ही इनका प्रयोग करें।

तमक श्वासरोग में पंचकर्म चिकित्सा निर्देश

  1. सर्वप्रथम वमन या विरेचन हेतु रोगी परीक्षण करें। यदि योग्य हो तो स्नेहपान से पूर्व रुक्षणार्थ 3 दिन त्रिकटु चूर्ण 5 gm या Ayurvite Trikatu Capsule 1 प्रातः सायं सुखोष्ण जल से दें।
  2. चौथे दिन से उचित स्नेह का निर्धारण कर स्नेहपान विधि अनुसार 5 से 7 दिन स्नेह पान करवाएं।
  3. सम्यक स्निग्ध लक्षण आने पर स्नेहपान बंद कर 2 दिन अभ्यंग एवं वाष्प स्वेदन करें। इसके बाद एक दिन विश्रामकाल के लिए छोड़कर प्रातः अभ्यंग, वाष्प स्वेदन कर वमन या विरेचन कर्म करें। सम्यक शुद्धि लक्षण अनुसार 3 या 5 दिन संसर्जन कर्म करें।
  4. यदि रोगी वमन या विरेचन के योग्य ना हो तो श्वासरोग हर यथाविधि वस्ति भी दी जा सकती है।

आयुर्वेद में अन्य अनेक औषधीय एवं पंचकर्म प्रयोग वर्णित हैं। हमने यहाँ हमारे चिकित्सा केन्द्रों में प्रयोग किये जाने वाले योगों का वर्णन किया है। आपके सुझाव एवं प्रतिक्रियाएं सादर अपेक्षित है।

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Ashtanga Hrudayam e-Book

Ashtanga Hrudayam is one of the Ayurvedic classical text written in Sanskrit by Acharya Vagbhatta. It is written in 6 sthanas and 1 Tantra (7 parts). These are as follow-

  1. Sutra Sthana
  2. Sharira Sthana
  3. Nidana Sthana
  4. Chikitsa Sthana
  5. Kalpa Sthana
  6. Siddhi Sthana
  7. Uttara Tantra

Sutra Sthana

Sutra Sthana comprises of all the basic principles of Ayurveda, lifestyle guidelines, dietary regimen and seasonal regimen.

Sharira Sthana

In Sharira Sthana, there is a detailed description of human anatomy and physiology. Also, some parts of gynaecological topics and obstetrics are discussed here. We can also find the description of fetus development from the very first month till delivery. Sharira sthana also explains the caring guidelines and regimen which a pregnant mother should follow.

Nidana Sthana

Nidana Sthana describes the diagnostic approaches in Ayurveda. The sign and symptoms, types, causes and parthenogenesis of a disease are explained very scientifically.

Chikitsa Sthana

In Chikitsa Sthana, we can find the detailed description of a disease, causes, sign and symptoms and their treatments.

Kalpa Sthana and Sidhhi Sthana

Kalpa Sthana and Sidhhi Sthana are the collections of various medicinal formulations used for the treatment of a disease, especially by Panchakarma. This section also deals with the details of problems and their management caused due to improper Panchakarma.

Uttara Tantra

In Uttara Tantra, there is a detailed description about eyes, ear, nose, throat and mouth. The diseases related to these organs and their treatment are also described.

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Charaka Samhita e-Book

Charaka Samhita is one of the Ayurvedic classical text written in Sanskrit by Maharishi Agnivesh. It is further edited by Maharishi Charaka and Acharya Drudhbala. It is written in 8 sthanas (8 parts) viz.-

  1. Sutra Sthana
  2. Sharira Sthana
  3. Nidana Sthana
  4. Vimana Sthana
  5. Chikitsa Sthana
  6. Kalpa Sthana
  7. Siddhi Sthana
  8. Indriya Sthana

Sutra Sthana

Sutra Sthana comprises of all the basic principles of Ayurveda, lifestyle guidelines, dietary regimen and seasonal regimen. It also includes descriptions of some diseases and their treatment.

Sharira Sthana

In Sharira Sthana, there is a detailed description of human anatomy and physiology. Also, some parts of gynaecological topics and obstetrics are discussed here. We can also find the description of fetus development from the very first month till delivery. Sharira sthana also explains the caring guidelines and regimen which a pregnant mother should follow.

Nidana Sthana

Nidana Sthana describes the diagnostic approaches in Ayurveda. The sign and symptoms, types, causes and parthenogenesis of a disease are explained very scientifically.

Vimana Sthana

Vimana Sthana includes the description of various medicinal properties like Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipaka and Prabhava.

Chikitsa Sthana

In Chikitsa Sthana, we can find the detailed description of a disease, causes, sign and symptoms and their treatments.

Kalpa Sthana and Sidhhi Sthana

Kalpa Sthana and Sidhhi Sthana are the collections of various medicinal formulations used for the treatment of a disease, especially by Panchakarma. This section also deals with the details of problems and their management caused due to improper Panchakarma.

Indriya Sthana

In Indriya Sthana, there is a detailed description of Indriya lakshana means the fatal signs.

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Sushruta Samhita e-Book

Sushruta Samhita is one of the Ayurvedic classical text written in Sanskrit by Maharishi Sushruta. Maharishi Sushruta is known by the father of Indian surgery. According to Ayurvedavatarana, it is believed that he was the disciple of Lord Dhanvantari. Sushruta Samhita is also included in the syllabus of Ayurvedacharya (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery) by Central Council of Indian Medicine. It is a very important book of Ayurveda and everyone should read it and understand to become a good practitioner of Ayurveda. Sushruta Samhita is written in 6 sthanas (6 parts). These are as follow-

  1. Sutra Sthana
  2. Sharira Sthana
  3. Nidana Sthana
  4. Chikitsa Sthana
  5. Kalpa Sthana
  6. Uttara Tantra

Sutra Sthana

Sutra Sthana comprises of all the basic principles of Ayurveda, lifestyle guidelines, dietary regimen and seasonal regimen.

Sharira Sthana

In Sharira Sthana, there is a detailed description of human anatomy and physiology. Also, some parts of gynaecological topics and obstetrics are discussed here. We can also find the description of fetus development from the very first month till delivery. Sharira sthana also explains the caring guidelines and regimen which a pregnant mother should follow.

Nidana Sthana

Nidana Sthana describes the diagnostic approaches in Ayurveda. The sign and symptoms, types, causes and parthenogenesis of a disease are explained very scientifically.

Chikitsa Sthana

In Chikitsa Sthana, we can find the detailed description of a disease, causes, sign and symptoms and their treatments.

Kalpa Sthana

Kalpa Sthana is the collection of various medicinal formulations used for the treatment of a disease, especially by Panchakarma. This section also deals with the details of problems and their management caused due to improper Panchakarma.

Uttara Tantra

In Uttara Tantra, there is a detailed description about eyes, ear, nose, throat and mouth. The diseases related to these organs and their treatment are also described. The detailed description of toxicology is also found in this part of Sushruta Samhita.

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Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API)

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) is a legal document of standards compiled by Government of India. It is the SOP for the quality of Ayurvedic drugs and substances included therein (under Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940). It consists of 2 parts and 7 volumes. Part I has 5 volumes and part II has 2 volumes. Further, API includes several appendices in each volume and classical references. Pharmacognostical, chemical and Ayurvedic standards of the parts of the plants used in Ayurveda are described in detail in each monograph. Every volume is the collection of monographs of various Ayurvedic drugs.Each monograph describes macroscopic and microscopic characters of different parts of Ayurvedic drugs along with their chemical standards of identity, permissible limit of foreign matter, purity and strength. They have been developed on the protocol developed and approved by the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee, Ministry of Ayush (Govt. of India).

Monographs in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API)

Each monograph describes macroscopic and microscopic characters of different parts of Ayurvedic drugs along with their chemical standards of identity, permissible limit of foreign matter, purity and strength. They have been developed on the protocol developed and approved by the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee, Ministry of Ayush (Govt. of India). Monographs also prescribe about

Monographs also prescribe about pharmaceutical- analytical parameters like total ash value, acid insoluble ash, alcohol-soluble extractive, water soluble extractive and chromatographic pattern of TLC. All this work was carried out in Pharmacopoeial Laboratory of Indian Medicine (PLIM). After the confirmation of various samples obtained from different agro-climatic zones and careful scientific scrutiny, the data of API has been finalised. All the processes were performed under the supervision of experienced scientists in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee.While preparing API, each and every part is finalised by keeping in mind that, the standards are easily implementation by the manufacturing companies and becomes easily acceptable in order to maintain quality control and batch to batch uniformity.

Acceptable to Manufacturing Companies

While preparing API, each and every part is finalised by keeping in mind that, the standards are easily implementation by the manufacturing companies and becomes easily acceptable in order to maintain quality control and batch to batch uniformity. The Guna (Ayurvedic pharmacological properties) like Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka, Karma etc. are also mentioned in each monograph along with their therapeutic uses, some of the important classical formulations and therapeutic dosage.

Description of Ayurvedic Properties

The Guna (Ayurvedic pharmacological properties) like Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka, Karma etc. are also mentioned in each monograph along with their therapeutic uses, some of the important classical formulations and therapeutic dosage.Appendices contain the details of the protocols used in

Appendices contain the details of the protocols used in the determination of various scientific standards. References to ancient Ayurvedic literature in its original form are added, in order to authenticate the Ayurvedic statements made in each monograph.In the end, English equivalents of each Ayurvedic term have been given to make the volume

User-friendly

In the end, English equivalents of each Ayurvedic term have been given to make the volume user-friendly for all people who work in the area of Ayurveda drugs and who are not conversant with Sanskrit/Ayurvedic terminology.In general, this book is more users friendly for scientists, manufacturers, students involved in drug quality testing of Ayurvedic medicines, teachers of Dravyaguna, research scholars, physicians of Ayurveda and many others who have

Conclusion

In general, this book is more users friendly for scientists, manufacturers, students involved in drug quality testing of Ayurvedic medicines, teachers of Dravyaguna, research scholars, physicians of Ayurveda and many others who have an interest in the quality standards of Ayurvedic medicines.
This book is included in the first schedule of Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940. Manufacturers are required to follow pharmacopoeial standards as these are the mandatory requirement under the Act.

Buy Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (Hard copy)

Now you can download Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) all parts and all volumes (monographs) including appendices absolutely free.

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Ayurvedic Formulary of India

The 1st edition of AFI was published in the year 1978. Earlier there was no standardisation work done in the field of Ayurveda formulation, drug manufacturing and pharmacopoeia. This was a unique attempt by Government of India to compile the scattered information on various formulations in classical Ayurvedic books. It is compiled in such a way to make it suitable to develop Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia standards and also to meet the requirements of Drugs and Cosmetics Act. AFI contains information on Ayurvedic drugs, identification of constituents of the drugs, parts used, and method of preparation and standardisation of the products.

Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) is compiled in 2 volumes. There are several parts of AFI including appendices.

Contents of Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Volume- 1 are as follows –

  1. Foreword
  2. Legal notice
  3. General notices
  4. Transliteration symbols
  5. Abbreviations for parts of plants
  6. Preface
  7. Introduction
  8. Formulary- compound formulations:
    1. Asava and Arista
    2. Arka
    3. Avaleha and Paka
    4. Kwatha Churna
    5. Guggulu
    6. Ghrita
    7. Churna
    8. Taila
    9. Dravaka
    10. Lavana Kshara
    11. Lepa
    12. Vati and Gutika
    13. Varti, Netrabindu and Anjana
    14. Sattva
    15. Kupipakva Rasayana
    16. Parpati
    17. Pishti
    18. Bhasma
    19. Mandura
    20. Rasayoga
    21. Lauha
  1. Formulary- single drugs:
    1. List of single drugs of animal origin
    2. List of single drugs of mineral origin
    3. List of single drugs of plant origin:
      a). As per names appearing in formulations
      b). As per botanical name
  1. Appendices:
    1. Paribhasa (Glossary of technical terms)
    2. Sodhana (Process of detoxication)
    3. Therapeutic indices:
      a). Formula wise
      b). Disease wise
    4. List of diseases/technical terms and their approximate English equivalents
    5. Metric equivalents of classical weights and measures
    6. Bibliography

Contents of Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Volume- 2 are as follows –

  1. Formulary – compound formulations
  2. Introduction
  3. Preface
    1. Asava and Arista
    2. Arka
    3. Avaleha and Paka
    4. Kwatha Churna
    5. Guggulu
    6. Ghrita
    7. Churna
    8. Taila
    9. Lepa
    10. Vati and Gutika
    11. Varti, Netra Bindu and Anjana
    12. Parpati
    13. Pisti
    14. Bhasma
    15. Mandura
    16. Rasa yoga
    17. Lauha
  4. Formulary – single drugs :
    1. List of single drugs of animal origin
    2. List of single drugs of mineral origin
    3. List of single drugs of plant origin
  5. Appendices :
    1. Paribhasa (glossary of technical terms)
    2. Shodhana (process of detoxification)
    3. Therapeutic index
    4. Formula wise
    5. Disease wise
    6. Action wise
    7. Metric equivalents of classical weights and measures
    8. Bibliography

    Now you can download Ayurvedic Formulary of India absolutely free.

    Click here to download