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Jyotishmati – Celastrus paniculata

JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

Last updated on: March 5th, 2018

Introduction of Jyotishmati Celastrus paniculata – 

  • Botanical name of Jyotishmati is Celastrus paniculata.
  • Family of Jyotishmati is Celastraceae.

Jyotishmati is a shrub has clear shining and reddish yellow bunches of fruits in cold season and yellowish green flowers in the month of April. It is mainly used for medicinal purpose. It is used in the skin disorders, fever, headache and intelligence promoting drug.

The word celastrus paniculata means, celastrus – fruit, a bushy evergreen shrub paniculata – having inflorescence, the axis of which is divided into branches bearing flowers.

 

LITERARY REVIEW OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • The plant Jyotishmati is mentioned right from Vedic era. Vedas and Upanishads mentioned it as a Medhya drug i.e., nervine stimulator or intellect promoter.
  • Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridayam described Jyotishmati as a Shirovirechaniya drug.
  • In Nighantu  kala, texts like Bhavaprakasha Nighantu, Shrangadhara Samhita, Nighantu Adarsha, Kaiyadeva Nighantu, Raja Nighantu, Priya Nighantu etc. explored its medicinal efficacy.
  • In Bhavaprakasha and Dhanwantari Nighantu it is said to be Kaphahara, Tikshna, Emetic and nervine stimulator.
  • In Raja Nighantu plant is mentioned as Agnipradipani (appetizer) and Medhya (brain tonic). In Kaiyadeva Nighantu plant is regarded as useful in Vrana (wound), Visarpa (erysipelas) etc.
  • Madanapala Nighantu also quoted its Medhya property.
  • Nighantu adarsha classified it under Taila Varga, Ashta Varga, Arka Varga and numerated its medicinal values.
  • Modem taxonomists and scientists consider the drug as an intellect promoter and nervine stimulator.

Varieties of JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

As per Nighantu Adarsha, celastraceae genus includes,

  • Celastrus seandens linn
  • Celastrus senegalensis, Linn

SYNONYMS OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

Jyotishmati, Kanguni, Katabhi, Panya, Paravatandrihi, Lata, Supingala, Santyasya, Peeta Taila, Parvatapadi, Kakandaki, Katveeka, Vega, Deepta, Jyothishlata, Swarnalata, Agnimasha, Saraswati, Agnimasha, Anupusha, Avyanga, Duramadha, Guchchha, Jyotishka, Lavanagnibhasha, Oujasi, Medhya, Nalaprabha.

GANA AND VARGA OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Charaka Samhita- Shiroverechanadi Gana
  • Sushruta Samhita- Adhobhagahara, Shiroverechana
  • Ashtanga Hridayaam- Arkadi gana
  • Bhavaprakasha- Haritakyadi Varga
  • Raja Nighantu- Gokshuradi Varga, Guduchyadi Varga.
  • Kaiyadwa Nighantu- Aushadhi Varga.
  • Dhanwanthari Nighantu- Guduchyadi Varga.
  • Nighantu Adarsha-  Jyothismatyadi, Arka Varga, Ashta Varga.
  • Priya Nighantu- Pippalyadi Varga.

VERNACULAR NAMES OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Hindi- Angani, Malakangani, Malatanguna.
  • Bengali- Ataki, Bana Veccha, Malakangni.
  • Sanskrit- Peeta Taila, Jyotishmati.
  • English- Staff Tree, Black Oil Plant.
  • Malayalam- Malaka Goni, Pigavi, Pengi Pakelavam
  • Kannada- Kariganne
  • Telugu- Bavangi, Jyotishmati
  • Gujarat- Malakanganam
  • Tamil- Valulavai
  • Burmese- Myinkoungna Young
  • Marathi- Kangani
  • Oriya- Katopesu
  • Punjabi- Sankhu
  • Sinhalese- Duhudu
  • Urdu- Malkangani

SYSTEMIC CLASSIFICATION OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Kingdom- Plantae
  • Sub group- Phencearogamae
  • Division- Angiosperm
  • Class- Dicotyledon
  • Sub class- Thelami florar
  • Order- Celastra cear
  • Genus- Celastrus
  • Species- Paniculatus

PRAYOGYANGA (parts used) OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Beeja (seed)
  • Taila (seed oil)

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

Seeds- Acetic acid, benjoic acid, formic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acids, celapgine, celapanigine, celapanine, celastrol, celastrine, paniculatine, malkanguniol, poly alchohols, malkangunin, panicul atadiol B- amyrin, B- sitosterol.

Root bark- pritemerin, hydrocarbon.

Stem- triacontanol, zeylasterol, zeylasterone.

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Rasa- Katu, Tikta
  • Guna- Tikshna, Snigdha, Sara
  • Veerya- Ushna
  • Vipaka- Katu
  • Prabhava- Medhya
  • Dosha Karma- Vata, Kapha shamak

KARMA (ACTION) OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Sansthanika Karma (Local application)- Abhyangam (massage)- Vatahara, Vedanasthapana, Uttejaka
  • Aabhyantara nadi samathana (CNS)- Medhya, Increases Grahana shakti
  • Pachana Sansthana (Digestive system)- Deepana, Vatanulomana
  • Raktavaha Sansthana (Cardiovascular system)- Hridaya uttejita, Raktasamvahana, shothahara
  • Shwasana Sansthana (Respiratory system)- Siroverechana, Kaphaghna
  • Muthravaha Sansthana (Urinary system) – Vrikka uttejaka, mutral
  • Prajanana Sansthana (Reproductive system)- Vajikarana, Aartava janana
  • Twacha (Skin)- Kushthaghna, sweda janan
  • Tapa Krama (temperature)- Aampachana, sweda janana, jwaraghna

PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

It is a brain tonic, memory promoter, nervine tonic, anodyne, aphrodisiac, diaphoretic, diuretic, immunagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, stimulant, heart tonic, stomachic, anti-phaloguistic, anti dermatosic and carminative.

PHARMACO-THERAPEUTIC USES OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Seed is beneficial as anti-rheumatic, aphrodisiac, emetic, laxative, nervine tonic.
  • Decoction is beneficial in gout, leprosy and paralysis.
  • Oil is stimulant, efficacious in beriberi and oedema, and improves memory.
  • Root and leaves are used for poultice in headache.
  • Seed is crushed and used to treat leucoderma.
  • Consumption of Jyotishmati leaves along with Japa flowers (hibiscus) and Kanji relieves amenorrhoea.
  • Jyotishmati oil processed with Apamarg, Kshara jala for 7 times may be applied locally.
  • Jyotishmati oil, Sarja kshara, Hingu should be taken with milk in Udara roga.
  • Jyotishmati oil and ginger root used as snuff remove drowsiness in fever.

MATRA (DOSAGE) OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

Beeja (seed)- 1.2 gm

Taila (oil)- 5- 15 drops

VISHISHTA YOGA (Pharmaceutical preparations) OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

  • Jyotishmati Taila
  • Jyotishmati Kalpa
  • Chandanadi Taila
  • Karanjadi Yoga

PHOTOGRAPHS OF JYOTISHMATI Celastrus paniculata

The high-quality images may be found at theferns.info

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