Sushruta Samhita is one of the Ayurvedic classical text written in Sanskrit by Maharishi Sushruta. Maharishi Sushruta is known by the father of Indian surgery. According to Ayurvedavatarana, it is believed that he was the disciple of Lord Dhanvantari. Sushruta Samhita is also included in the syllabus of Ayurvedacharya (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery) by Central Council of Indian Medicine. It is a very important book of Ayurveda and everyone should read it and understand to become a good practitioner of Ayurveda. Sushruta Samhita is written in 6 sthanas (6 parts). These are as follow-
- Sutra Sthana
- Sharira Sthana
- Nidana Sthana
- Chikitsa Sthana
- Kalpa Sthana
- Uttara Tantra
Sutra Sthana comprises of all the basic principles of Ayurveda, lifestyle guidelines, dietary regimen and seasonal regimen.
In Sharira Sthana, there is a detailed description of human anatomy and physiology. Also, some parts of gynaecological topics and obstetrics are discussed here. We can also find the description of fetus development from the very first month till delivery. Sharira sthana also explains the caring guidelines and regimen which a pregnant mother should follow.
Nidana Sthana describes the diagnostic approaches in Ayurveda. The sign and symptoms, types, causes and parthenogenesis of a disease are explained very scientifically.
In Chikitsa Sthana, we can find the detailed description of a disease, causes, sign and symptoms and their treatments.
Kalpa Sthana is the collection of various medicinal formulations used for the treatment of a disease, especially by Panchakarma. This section also deals with the details of problems and their management caused due to improper Panchakarma.
In Uttara Tantra, there is a detailed description about eyes, ear, nose, throat and mouth. The diseases related to these organs and their treatment are also described. The detailed description of toxicology is also found in this part of Sushruta Samhita.